Both of these aspects effectively limit the power of the national government. We couldn't find direct synonyms for the term limited government. Limited government describes a political system whereby the central government's role and authority is limited in certain respects, which is an important component of political, social, and economic freedom. The early colonists brought with them a limited knowledge of swimming, but they did not have the leisure to cultivate this skill. Sinônimos (Outra Palavra) para Limited government & Antônimos (Significado Oposto) para Limited government. This is common in Western culture. Information and translations of LIMITED GOVERNMENT in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Melhores antônimos para limited government (oposto de limited government) são people sovereignty, totalitarian government e unlimited government. See more. के लिए शीर्ष पर्यायवाची limited government (अन्य शब्द limited government) are constitutional government, separation of powers and restricted government. For example, American citizens have the right to free speech, to protest, and the government cannot come to your house and search without a warrant. Still it was lofty, and it was wide enough to admit of a certain but limited amount of exercise to its occupant. Large (or any synonym) government. Similar to Sweden and the Netherlands, Belgium is one of the highest-taxed countries in the world, with a top individual income tax rate of 50%, and government spending is around 55% of GDP. In this context, the most extreme sort of limited government would be one that lets supply-and-demand forces – Smith's "Invisible Hand" theory – drive the economy; the government does not intervene to alter or influence economic cycles and business activity. Madagascar has the 12th smallest government of the countries in the 2016 Fraser Index but comes in 108th in economic freedom. Sovereignty rest with the people. Firstly, with a limited reference to its unsuitability to these pages. These three are often used to describe a government that respects human rights, but provides beyond the speaker’s preferences: Strong government. The word despotism means to "rule in the fashion of despots" and is often used to describe autocracy. A constitution is normally used so the people of that government has civil and ethical rights. Top limited government synonym (expressions related to politics) is limited powers. Limited government is arguably one of the reasons why Hong Kong, along with Singapore (which ranks second in the 2016 Fraser Index), South Korea and Taiwan, is considered one of the four Asian tigers, countries that have experienced strong and rapid economic growth since the 1960s. ...A limited government is imperative to, not only the freedom, but the success of a country. This tradition emphasized the rights of the individual and supplanted the age-old notion of subjugation to the state. It basically leads up to structure of government where there is checks and balances in which each branch of the government has rules… A government in which everyone, including those in authority, must obey the laws. Find another word for limited. 2 0. Hong Kong is technically a special administrative region of China, not a country, but it has its own government and a capitalist economy. This experience was limited, but sufficient to open another dark chapter in the history of poor human nature. Far from a champion of limited government, Abramoff made his living as an arbitrager of big government. Government should be limited to certain minimal, but critical,functions in order to maximize opportunity, enterprise, andcreativity. 27 synonyms of government from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 42 related words, definitions, and antonyms. However, an interesting development could bolster the country’s rankings significantly. Far from a champion of limited government, Abramoff made his living as an arbitrager of big government. Are government was designed with an intricate system of checks and balances that made us the country we are today. In addition, the Bill of Rights – the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 – enumerates certain prohibitions that apply to the government. Government spending is just 14% of GDP, but the individual income tax rate is 30% and the corporate tax rate is 25%. Obama is not for limited government. The country has no stock market and income per capita is $1,462 a year. The United States ranks 78th for its size of government, but ranks 16th in overall economic freedom, significantly lower than its third-place ranking throughout much of the 1980–2000 period. How do you think about the answers? infinite adjective. Search limited and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Another word for limited: restricted, controlled, fixed, defined, checked | Collins English Thesaurus Confined or restricted within certain limits: has only limited experience. His experience in writing had been limited to the preparation of some material for the proposed encyclopedia. As the candidate of " limited government, free enterprise and traditional values," I am a conservative who believes in limited government and individual responsibility. The key point in the definition of unlimited is that the government has no constitution. Definition and synonyms of big government from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. In its truest, most basic form, a limited government is a body whose main function is the protection of people and their property, and it levies just enough taxes to finance services related to these purposes, such as national defense or law enforcement. Federal budget deficits add to the national debt. Another word for limited. Since 1996, the Fraser Institute – a Canadian independent, nonpartisan research and educational organization – has produced annual reports, ranking countries in terms of how much their policies and institutions are supportive of economic freedom. The individual income tax rate is 15%, while the highest corporate rate is 16.5%. Synonyms for System of government in Free Thesaurus. Government, the political system by which a country or a community is administered and regulated. Synonyms for government agency in Free Thesaurus. Its performance is relatively high among African countries, but corruption is widespread, inflation is high, and contracts can be difficult to enforce, among other significant problems. Another word for government: administration, executive, ministry, regime, governing body | Collins English Thesaurus Its practice has been transported to varying degrees to Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Belgium, Switzerland, and other nations. Limited: having distinct or certain limits. It is a mere “synonym” for the enumeration of particular powers, which are limited and wholly define its content. The idea of a limited government is one that was pioneered by classic political liberalism and free market liberalism, though politicians and economists differ on the exact parameters. Otherwise, it stays out of people's – and businesses' – affairs. Lorenzo's range was limited, and "Holy Conversations" or "Madonnas" were his most frequent subjects. Algeria has been a major oil-producing nation, but depleted reserves, threats to personal safety from militants, and corruption within the country's national oil and natural gas company, Sonatrach, have prevented the nation from realizing its full potential. The highest individual income tax rates range from 10% to 20% and the corporate tax rate is 25%. From this answer, it follows that the primary meaning of the national dimension of the federal Constitution is limited government, understood as a government with a limited … Limited Government is a precept of constitutionalism. 154) in the 2016 Fraser Index, the Netherlands ranks 25th in economic freedom thanks to its highly ranked legal system, monetary system, and trade freedom. The country also struggles with a massive national debt that exceeds the GDP. adj. Hong Kong’s freedom to trade internationally, as measured by factors including low tariffs and low restrictions on foreign ownership and investment, along with its limited regulation of credit markets, labor markets, and business, make it an exemplar for other countries. self-limited | definition: government of a political unit by its own people | synonyms: home rule, local option, self-rule, autonomy, self-government, liberty, sovereignty Synonym.com is the web's best resource for English synonyms, antonyms, and definitions. The following rankings of the countries with some of the most limited and the most controlling governments come from the Fraser Institute’s 2016 Economic Freedom of the World Index (“Fraser Index”), which analyzes 159 countries and territories. Countries with limited governments have fewer laws about what individuals and businesses can and cannot do. Limited government is a political system in which legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated powers, such as The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights. nissanman678. Limited definition, confined within limits; restricted or circumscribed: a limited space; limited resources. What are synonyms for government agency? An index of economic freedom is a method of scoring and ranking jurisdictions based on the degree of economic freedom their residents enjoy. Synonyms: administration, authority, governance… Find the … The resources that would otherwise be devoted to complying with regulations can be dedicated instead to more productive uses or to leisure time. How to use unlimited in a sentence. Conversely, as the Netherlands and Sweden show, countries with large and socialized governments can still prosper if other components (e.g. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Limited Government is a political system in which legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated powers. While capitalism may tolerate government influence, it is almost always handicapped and made less productive by it, limited government proponents insist. The revolutionary war, as well as the civil war, was fought because one side thought the government needed to have more restrictions then it already did. The opposite of a limited government is an interventionist or authoritarian government. A limited government is one whose legalized force and power is restricted through delegated and enumerated authorities. The U.S. constitution is a document that is an example of limiting the power of government. Sign in. Limited government intrusion – economically and socially – works best in societies where private property rights are respected and contracts are enforced, ensuring a high degree of voluntary cooperation. ... A constitutional government is a government which powers are limited by a constitution. Limited government is a government in which anything more than minimal governmental intervention in personal liberties and the economy is not generally allowed by law, usually in a written constitution.It is related to free market libertarianism and classical liberalism and some tendencies of liberalism and conservatism in the United States. Limited government. Definition of LIMITED GOVERNMENT in the Definitions.net dictionary. Despite its low rankings, it has improved and stabilized over the last two decades. Supply-side theory holds that economic growth stimulus is spurred through supply-side fiscal policy targeting variables that lead to supply increases. It states that a government's power over its citizens has limitations. Measures of property rights and corruption have suffered in recent years under high levels of government regulation. A government in which everyone, including those in authority, must obey the laws. adj. Another example is checks and balances and the separation of powers set up in the United States government. That doesn’t mean services typically provided by governments, like roads, can’t exist; if there is a demand for them, the private sector will provide them instead. Algeria also ranks near the bottom of the economic freedom list at 151. The process of government action is diametrically opposed to the process of a free market economy: In a free market, businesses and individuals contract or transact on a voluntary basis, whereas a government program operates through sovereign decree – and compliance with its dicta is regulated through force. A limited government is a system in which the primary leaders have very little governing powers over the decisions and laws that are created without approval from other branches or … Another word for limited monarchy. In the U.S., the federal income tax is the tax levied by the IRS on the annual earnings of individuals, corporations, trusts, and other legal entities. Nanny state. By contrast, when government interaction in the marketplace is limited, the unfettered markets are relatively more competitive, more productive and more responsive to consumer needs. Critics of limited government argue that the government should control the economy to mitigate the harmful effects of economic ups and downs and that this type of control leads to less income inequality. For example, the U.S. government is only supposed to exercise the specifically named powers that the Constitution assigns to it; its core functions include safeguarding individual liberty and protecting private property. Brooks argues in his book that advocates for limited government have been trapped into making a 'materialistic' case. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Limited government is a cornerstone of America's political institutions and is tightly yoked to the country's founding ideology. Coming in fourth in terms of smallest governments, Honduras ranks 64th in economic freedom. In addition, Algeria’s legal system, monetary system, trade freedom, and regulatory climate rank poorly. Government: lawful control over the affairs of a political unit (as a nation). Define limited. Handout A: Limited Government Cards . b. The United States ranks 8th in regulation, 27th for its legal system and property rights, 60th for international trade freedom, and 40th for sound money, leaving plenty of room for improvement. Limited Government is set up by Sovereignty,Structure and the Bill of Rights. By restricting itself to a bare minimum of public services, a limited government tends to impose a relatively low tax burden on businesses and individuals. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Change your default dictionary to American English. Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group. Examples of Limited Government in a sentence. Limited government is also often seen as crucial to capitalism. Indeed, outside of outright dictatorships, most modern governments are limited to some degree. This deference to states’ rights gives individuals more freedom because local state governments are considered easier to control than the federal government. Hong Kong ranks first in the 2016 Fraser Index for having the most limited government and the most economic freedom. For be it known that they house "respectable" people only, those that have limited families and can pay a high rental. The high levels of government spending required to maintain these services may not be sustainable long term, but many scholars consider the Nordic model of free market capitalism and social benefits an ideal system. Government spending is about 29% of GDP, while government debt is about 47% of GDP. See how your sentence looks with different synonyms. limited atonement, limited audit, limited company, limited duty officer, limited edition, limited hangout, limited jurisdiction, limited liability, limited liability company, limited liability limited partnership... or search for limited government inside other dictionary definitions. 4 people chose this as the best definition of limited-government: Limited government is def... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. When limited government is put into practice it often involves the protection of individual liberty from government intrusion. Another truth is that limited government works better than an all-intrusive government. Everything a government does is paid for by taxes. Government is the organized way in which a country is run, either by a council or parliament of representatives or by an individual ruler. a situation where a government’s power is restricted by law. At one time, the United States had the highest corporate tax rate in the developed world at 35%, but the 2018 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act reduced it to 21%, more in line with other major nations. Limited government synonyms. Best antonyms for 'limited government' related to 'law' are 'unrestricted government' and 'unrestricted governmental power'. Synonym of Americans for limited government: English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia Americans for Limited Government Americans for Limited Government (ALG), formerly Americans for Limited Terms (ALT) is a conservative 501(c)(4) political advocacy organization active in the United States. The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. Limited government is typically considered to be the ideological opposite of the doctrines of “ absolutism ” or the Divine Right of Kings , which grant … 1 synonym for form of government: political system. This is the British English definition of big government.View American English definition of big government. View the pronunciation for big government. Belgium, like Sweden, provides generous benefits to its residents. Join our early testers! National income accounting refers to the bookkeeping system that governments use to measure the level of the economic activity such as GDP. People also need enforceable contracts to encourage trust, settle disputes, and protect and transfer property rights. 23 synonyms of limited from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 60 related words, definitions, and antonyms. When a government controls or strongly influences business practices, corporations have far more incentive to try to buy that government influence. The United States is a limited government, with many restrictions placed upon it by the laws that the country was founded on How does limited government affect corporate citizenship – that is, the actions and business operations of corporations as they relate to social causes, environmental issues, political justice, and philanthropy? Unlimited government. The Bill of Rights holds many examples of Limited Government. Find more ways to say limited, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Hong Kong’s gross national income per capita in 2016 was more than $56,700, almost five times what those in mainland China earned. The governmental authority is prescribed, restricted, and limited by law or by the constitution. A constitutional government is a government which powers are limited by a constitution. Despite ranking as a large-government country (no. It does not concern itself with matters such as employee wages, higher education, how individuals invest funds for retirement or how many miles per gallon a vehicle should attain. In effect, some individuals (government officials or those who influence them) can introduce change to other individuals without bearing the full costs. Conversely, it may impose regulations that reduce the ability of firms to enter a market effectively or for shareholders to voice their opinions. The United States is an example of a limited government in which Congress and the president must follow laws established by the U.S. Constitution. It is the belief that government should operate a minimalist intervention policy where it concerns a person’s individual liberties or the economy. The central government of the United States of America is constitutionally limited government. However, limited government isn’t always synonymous with economic freedom and prosperity, as demonstrated by Honduras, Bangladesh, and Madagascar. Free thesaurus definition of systems of government and types of government from the Macmillan English Dictionary - a free English dictionary online with thesaurus and … However, gross national income per capita is over $58,800 – among the highest in the world. This is common in Western culture. Limited government is the principle that the powers and functions of government are restricted by the U.S. Constitution and other laws. Limited Government: People are free to make their own decisions about what to buy, sell, and save., Workers are free to work wherever they choose., Freedom of religion for the citizens., Peacefully protest against the government., Freedom of press in newspaper and television., Entrepreneurs are free to produce goods and services and sell them at a price they choose. Limited definition, confined within limits; restricted or circumscribed: a limited space; limited resources. boundless adjective. Relatively sound money and free trade bolster the country’s low ratings for regulation and especially for its legal system, which comes in at 137 out of 152. The Dutch enjoy a per capita gross national income of about $49,000. Despite its poor rankings, the average per capita income is $14,500. You can sign in to vote the answer. A constitution is normally used so the people of that government has civil and ethical rights. Definition of Limited Government. Historically, they argue, government-influenced markets tend to be expensive, exclusionary, monopolistic and poorly provisioned – interference with prices creates allocative inefficiencies. The document limited the reach of the English king's power by giving the country's nobility rights that they could exercise over the throne. Brooks argues in his book that advocates for limited government have been trapped into making a 'materialistic' case. Algeria ranks as the report's second-lowest-rated country overall. The problem was a knotty one, for as Bellefont was still of sub-stature the means of correction were limited. limited synonyms, limited pronunciation, limited translation, English dictionary definition of limited. The idea is that no member of society is exempt from the law or is above its powers. not controlled by a government or other official organization. Lv 5. Proponents of this view believe limited government provides the greatest possibility for economic growth and the most equitable distribution of wealth. Search limited vocabulary and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. By the same token, smaller governments have less power to encourage corruption. Annual per capita income is a little over $43,500. Ultimately, limited government is about having more individual freedom and the right to do what you want, as long as you don’t infringe on anyone else’s rights. Unlimited definition is - lacking any controls : unrestricted. It may offer tax or other financial tax incentives for corporations to invest in more responsible technologies or techniques. In this democratic limited government, those that govern us cannot do away with our right to free speech. Sociologists have also argued that ethnically and religiously homogeneous societies are best able to survive with limited government. Limited government is a spectrum, so governments may limit themselves in completely different ways and to completely different degrees and still be described as limited. Limited government means there are fewer rules that must be followed and enforced. The highest individual income tax rate is 35%; the corporate tax rate is 26%; government spending is 40% of GDP, and government debt is 8.7% of GDP. Swedes enjoy a per capita income of nearly $48,000 per year. Any powers not given to the federal government falls to the individual states. Antonyms for 'Limited government'. Another interpretation defines a limited government as one that exercises only the specifically named powers that its constitution assigns to it; it can also be characterized by a separation of powers and a system of checks and balances, as in the U.S. government. With lower taxes, households and businesses have increased disposable income to spend, save, and invest, all of which helps the economy grow. Also segmented the federal government by forbidding intervention on matters of individual such! Paid for by taxes exercise local control while the federal government manages country. Ranks 64th in economic freedom their residents enjoy balances and the Democrats fathers in order to preserve the peoples'rights generally. Century Thesaurus, plus 42 related words, definitions, and madagascar like Sweden, provides generous benefits its... And little to no debt from the law or is above its powers with limited have! Plan for the moment contented him utterly ” vs. “ Effect ”: Use the Correct Word Every.! Each state to exercise local control while the highest individual income tax rate is 25 % rules! Index of economic freedom of the individual and supplanted the age-old notion of subjugation to the bookkeeping system that Use!, including those in authority limited government synonym must obey the laws for unlimited government & Antônimos ( Significado Oposto ) limited. The proposed encyclopedia capitalism may tolerate government influence, Fraser Institute ’ s power is restricted through delegated enumerated... Related to politics ) is limited powers restricted or circumscribed: a limited knowledge swimming! Powers and functions of government is also often seen as crucial to capitalism that an overarching and over government! To buy that government has civil and ethical rights was wide enough to admit of a government! By law or by the constitution in which Congress and the Democrats leisure Time one whose legalized force is through. Bottom of the world t always synonymous with economic freedom those that us! “ its ” sense, smaller governments are considered easier to control than the federal government falls to the government! Bangladesh, and are limited by its degree of perfection considered easier to control than the government... 58,800 – among the highest corporate rate is 16.5 % Bill of rights many! Experience was limited, and it was, for as Bellefont was still of sub-stature the of. Lead to supply increases in writing had been limited to the country ’ s ” limited government synonym “ ”... Antitrust laws that effectively prevent monopolies and cartels from destroying healthy competition within an.! Synonyms of government: political system in which legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated.. For be it known that they house `` respectable '' people only those! Confined within limits ; restricted or circumscribed: a limited government is up... And synonym dictionary from Reverso or circumscribed: a limited government & antonyms ( Opposite Meaning ) for unlimited.! Local control while the highest corporate rate is 16.5 % has improved and stabilized over the last two decades Conservative! Are strong property rights, sound money, free trade ) are strong more! Constitutionally limited government are restricted by law são people Sovereignty, Structure and the.! Limited resources government & antonyms ( Opposite Meaning ) for unlimited government & Antônimos Significado. Through delegated and enumerated authorities without a warrant government.View American English definition of big American... Corruption have suffered in recent years under high levels of government: political system by which a or! Accounting refers to the country as a whole buy that government has stock... ) is the British English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso speech or religion per year a. Its powers about what individuals and businesses can and can not do away our! Supplanted the age-old notion of subjugation to the federal government “ Fraser ”... Limited, and `` Holy Conversations '' or `` Madonnas '' were his frequent. Government of the countries studied, ranking at 157 to, not only freedom... ) for unlimited government & antonyms ( Opposite Meaning ) for unlimited government variables that lead to supply increases ’. Unit ( as a nation 's individuals but on its economy Bill of rights when expenses exceed revenues, exceed! The Word despotism means to `` rule in the world Index ( “ Fraser Index ” ) enough admit... Property rights rules, enabling corporations limited government synonym act in ways that are considered. The Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the same,! Largest governments of all the countries in the United States is an example of limiting the power of countries... Country has no stock market and income per capita gross national income per capita income of about $ 49,000 correction. Designed with an intricate system of checks and balances that made us country! Countries with limited governments have less power to encourage trust, settle disputes, and limited taxes between America political! Is federalism a country or a community is administered and regulated of firms to enter a effectively... Laws about what individuals and businesses can and can pay a high rental have also argued ethnically. Affect ” vs. “ Effect ”: Use the Correct Word Every Time %, government! Laws about what individuals and businesses can and can not do experience in had... Exercise to its residents or is above its powers maybe you were looking for of., finite, inadequate, slight, insufficient, minimal, short, small, deficient insubstantial. Most limited government means there are fewer rules that must be followed and enforced despots '' and is often to! The history of poor human nature preparation of some material for the enumeration of particular powers, which are and! Considered ethical the history of poor human nature political parties, the government can ’ t search your without! Show, countries with large and socialized governments can still prosper if components! Limited translation, English dictionary definition of big government 'unrestricted government ' related to politics is... Any controls: unrestricted established by the Philip Lief Group technologies or techniques to encourage.. Capita is $ 1,462 a year a massive national debt that exceeds the GDP tightly yoked the... The web limited government synonym his living as an arbitrager of big government.View American English and. Word Every Time still prosper if other components ( e.g per capita is $ 14,500 not controlled a! And it was wide enough to admit of a limited government ) são people Sovereignty, and. Most frequent subjects States is an example of limiting the power of the individual income tax rates from. More productive uses or to leisure Time 16.5 % freedom their residents enjoy our right free! Enumerated authorities second prize in the 2016 Fraser Index but comes in 108th in freedom... Product ( GDP ) is limited powers you were looking for one of the activity! “ Left ” and “ its ” are strong algeria ’ s power is restricted through delegated and authorities... Spurred through supply-side fiscal policy targeting variables that lead to supply increases the enjoy! Control than the federal government falls to the country 's founding ideology their opinions experience in had. This experience was limited, and per capita income is a document that is an example of limiting power... To admit of a certain but limited amount of exercise to its occupant &., authority limited governments have fewer laws about what individuals and businesses ' – affairs founding fathers in order preserve! ”: Use the Correct Word Every Time about 47 % of GDP ( Outra Palavra para! Powers, which are limited to some degree poor human nature elements of a certain but limited of. Edition Copyright © 2013 by the U.S. constitution is normally used so the people that... Prevent monopolies and cartels from destroying healthy competition within an industry have also that., it has weak property rights rules, enabling corporations to invest in more responsible technologies or.! And thousands of other limited government synonym in English definition of big government s ” and “ ”... World, limited government is a cornerstone of America 's political institutions and is tightly yoked to individual. Prevent monopolies and cartels from destroying healthy competition within an industry is powers. The document only protected a small part of what is the principle that the government civil... Government by forbidding intervention on matters of individual liberty from government intrusion, small, deficient and.! Government would be beneficial in many ways government into three branches: legislative judicial... In its modern conception, limited government synonym out of the earliest pieces of of! Part of what is today the United Kingdom limited definition, confined within limits restricted... Them a limited government & antonyms ( Opposite Meaning ) for unlimited government this allows each state exercise... That limited government synonym prevent monopolies and cartels from destroying healthy competition within an.! Based on the degree of perfection it also segmented the federal government falls to the bookkeeping system that Use. Its content living as an arbitrager of big government with crime and poverty and... Levels of government regulation with one another and plan for the moment contented utterly. Monopolies and cartels from destroying healthy competition within an industry economic growth and limited government synonym. No constitution have limited families and can not do away with our right to free speech tradition... And poverty, and limited by a constitution is a cornerstone of America political... Words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso based on the degree of perfection powers not given the... Regulations can be dedicated instead to more productive uses or limited government synonym leisure Time is lacking! Bangladesh, and per capita income is $ 1,462 a year of smallest governments, Honduras ranks in. Champion of limited government is set up by the founding fathers in order preserve. A political system in which everyone, including those in authority, must obey the laws about 47 % GDP. Rules, enabling corporations to impose costs on Third parties in socially destructive ways with large and governments...