Sections of the horizontal stems growing on the surface should be cut diagonally such that the cut surface is facing upward. 0000005273 00000 n This label will contain vital information including the amount of active ingredients per serving, and whether or not other ingredients have been added, such as fillers, binders, and flavorings. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including … In May, the plants will produce a cluster of purple flowers on a stalk at the tip of the shoot. The round leaves are gray … 0000007283 00000 n Definition of vitex in the Definitions.net dictionary. Female sea turtles seek an open beach area to dig a nest and will not attempt to dig in an area with a thick vegetative cover. FIRST RECORD OF VITEX ROTUNDIFOLIA (VERBENACEAE) IN VIRGINIA. Beach vitex is a prolific seed producer, but can also reproduce from stem (runner) fragments (Figure 2). Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. 0000016629 00000 n A 10″ paint roller on an extended handle can be used to apply the herbicide to the small stems cut with the string trimmer. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): An Invasive Coastal Species Matthew M. Cousins, Jeanne Briggs, Chuck Gresham, Jack Whetstone, and Ted Whitwell* Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. Sea rocket plants are small thick leaved herbs that do not grow in thick clumps. Starr-010209-0295-Vitex rotundifolia-fruits-Kanaha Beach-Maui (24235631600).jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 1.08 MB. Many of you have probably … Beach Vitex. Common Name: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. There is still some debate as to how effectively … 0000001881 00000 n Beach vitex does become established in areas that are distant from an established planting. 0 Apply only enough to cover the surface; do not let any run off the surface. The flowers are purplish-blue, 1 inch in width, and produce small clusters at the ends of branches. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. We are also not sure whether the local beach mice will eat these seeds. View and/or print Beach Vitex Eradication methods to assist our property owners. Although it grows in clumps, it does not produce horizontal rhizomes that grow at the surface of the dunes like beach vitex. Other common names for Vitex rotundifolia include kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo, manawanawa, mawanawana, pohinahina and polinalina. The flowers are purplish- reaching the ocean. Appearance Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. By the mid- to late-1990s, Beach vitex was observed spreading from landscape plantings along the South Carolina coast, crowding out native dune species. And see the “fast facts” about beach vitex at bottom below. 0000016786 00000 n Common names include "chaste tree" or "chastetree", traditionally referring to V. agnus-castus but often applied to other species as well.. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including Australia and Papua New Guinea. Displaying 1 to 13 of 13 Search Help. Six months after the herbicide is applied, remove the dead beach vitex plants and sea oats and bitter panicum seedlings should be planted on an 18″ grid as discussed above. Scientific name: Vitex rotundifolia L. f. Common names: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. The length of seashore elder leaves is 4 times the width; compared to beach vitex leaves that are nearly as wide as long and seashore elder does not have a large round fruit like beach vitex. 211 0 obj<>stream Silver-leaf croton has oval-shaped leaves like beach vitex and may be thought to be a beach vitex seedling. Seabeach amaranth is a rare plant that is listed as threatened in S.C. and is commonly found in washed out areas between front dunes. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundiflolia) is a woody, deciduous shrub that grows in patches along coastal dunes. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. H��W�rG}߯������/.�U���JE�Q~I�K("��ȹ|}��0M�.�-��鞞�����x���N[%��9�.��D4"�(��9���nt�����Ѝ�,׳���Z����$7���bu��i1=��q7���b|�)1�j�w��WB���_��RhS)�e��:��a��}#>ߎ��M��˰����R*KV˜*����Ē_�'�k�C9���t�.�齷����E'��८����� hn�[�J�����rk�E1�}��'�t�aZZ�.��)��L A���d=]�&�xuϽ���8g����g��1�Т_�F<. 0000004531 00000 n A view of a piece of Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) that has floated to the beach and has taken root showing the stems ... (Photo courtesy of Forest & Kim Starr. Beach vitex is an invasive plant originally brought from the South Pacific to the South Carolina coast to protect sand dunes from erosion. Beach Vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches and perishing before long, and have a spicy fragrance. Rooted cuttings are planted from April through September just like the sea oat seedlings. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. Beach Vitex is a hardy groundcover with small clusters of tiny bluish-purple flowers throughout the year. Brittle stems tend to … This herbicide is slow acting, taking three to four months to observe the full affects. Meaning of vitex. Use hand clippers or lopping shears to cut the stems near the soil surface. Scientists introduced beach vitex to the southeastern United States from the beaches of Korea in the mid-1980s, believing the plant could help stabilize dunes. Stalks on the upper portions of the plant could have up to 50 flowers in the cluster and those deeper in the canopy could have less than ten. Beach Vitex . If you see this plant, notify the landowner. The leaves feel smooth like a fine leather or velvet. It is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Hilton Head Island Municipal Government (South Carolina). Leaves of beach vitex are in pairs on a woody stem and are nearly as long as they are wide. While wearing protective gloves, paint the cut surfaces with the herbicide solution using a 1″ paint brush. %%EOF If you pick a green leaf and crush it you will smell a spicy fragrance. However, by the mid-1990s, dune restoration specialists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began to notice beach vitex … On the front beach there may be a thick cover of small beach vitex stems, approximately ⅛ inch in diameter. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Beach Vitex is an invasive plant that spreads rapidly and poses a threat to native plants and animals. 0000005027 00000 n Also known as chaste tree or chasteberry, it's often taken as a remedy for women's health problems. (2.5-5 cm) long. Beach Vitex foliage (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) … This is a high maintenance shrub that will require regular care and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Silver-leaf croton is a small woody plant that might be confused with beach vitex seedlings. Vitex plants prefer average moisture and grow best when watered regularly. 0000023855 00000 n Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Seabeach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus) is a federally threatened plant that is commonly found in wash-out areas between front dunes. It’s actually a pretty plant, this Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), and it is very good at … The easiest and safest way to eradicate beach vitex is a two step process involving cutting the stems just above groundline and immediately applying a Habitat (imazapyr) herbicide to the cut surface. Prior to its intoduction to the South Atlantic coast of the U.S., beach vitex … Specifically, property owners need to first check with local town and county land use ordinances to make sure maintaining beach vitex is legal. Again, be careful not to load the roller with too much herbicide that could drip off. Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus) is a plant used in herbal medicine. Vitex was the Roman name for the Chaste Tree, now known botanically as Vitex agnus-castus. The thick cover of beach vitex can hinder efforts of loggerhead sea turtles to lay their eggs and prevent hatchlings from making their way to the sea. In general, realize that you have a fast growing exotic plant that has several undesirable characteristics as discussed above. Beach vitex seedlings can be distinguished from silver-leaf croton by looking at the leaf arrangement. Cut material should be taken to a county compost facility for proper disposal or piled on a concrete surface until the leaves drop off, then composted. The Weed Science Society of America, a nonprofit scientific society, was founded in 1956 to encourage and promote the development of knowledge concerning weeds and their impact on the environment. Sea rocket leaves are thick and not in pairs on an herbaceous stem. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. However, it was quickly realized that its root … Beach vitex can tolerate droughty conditions of the sand dunes, can tolerate salt spray from the ocean and is not eaten by deer. Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980’s for use as an ornamental and for beach stabilization. 0000004495 00000 n common name: beach vitex. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. Although it provides a vegetative cover for the dunes, it does so at the expense of the native dune vegetation. Photograph by Linda Lee, USC Herbarium. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Beach vitex expands its woody rhizomes aggressively; it can actually grow over sidewalks and driveways. Thus, displacing sea oats could impact beach … About the Weed Science Society of America . It does so by a combination of seed being washed to a new area during storms or by storms breaking off sections of the rapidly growing shoots and depositing these shoots in new areas. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. 0000106232 00000 n The label is the law. Beach vitex (also called roundleaf chastetree) was recently introduced into Florida and has escaped cultivation in a few northern counties. Maintaining a vegetative cover on front dunes is strongly recommended but planting beach vitex on the front dunes is not only unwise but it is illegal. Besides being drought tolerant, salt tolerant, and fast-growing, beach Vitex is a prolific seed producer. Beach vitex on the left of the pathway and native sand dune species on the right on a front dune on Pawleys Island. Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. Most beach vitex stems can be cut with lopping shears; however, the larger stems may require a limbing saw. This shade and perhaps some other growth characteristics, kills shorter beach plants and prevents seedlings of native species from becoming established. 0000002290 00000 n 0000003175 00000 n Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. The plant forms a green, segmented, linear fruit in March and the terminal section will dry out and fall off during the summer. 1). Beach Vitex joins an ever- growing list of exotic invasive species. The cut plants should be monitored for re-sprouting and if sprouts are noticed, they should be recut to expose a fresh surface and re-painted with the herbicide solution. It displaces native dune vegetation by forming dense stands and spreads rapidly by runners and seeds (Fig. 0000001268 00000 n If you choose to buy a vitex supplement (or any herbal medication or supplement), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that you look for a Supplement Facts label on the product that you buy. Healthy seedlings 15″ to 24″ tall should be planted at least 8″ deep; the deeper the better. Photograph by Mike Walker, Huntington Beach State Park. However, if you have a very dense stand of beach vitex that does not contain any sea … Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Spraying beach vitex with herbicides is generally less effective than the scrape and dab method described above. A few sweetgrass (Mulhenbergia filipes or M. capillaries) clumps can also be inter-planted among the sea oats and bitter panicum to add diversity. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): Beach vitex expands its woody rhizomes aggressively; it can actually grow over sidewalks and driveways. Beach vitex does spread quite nicely, but it will not become invasive in your landscape. Sea oats should be planted in the spring and early summer, preferably following a rain to assure a moist soil. 0000023370 00000 n 0000000975 00000 n 209 33 <]>> On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Dr. Deah Lieurance of the University of Florida says the plant’s root system tangled endangered sea turtles and birds. Beach Vitex . Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera) is a woody shrub that can grow to be a small tree, with the multiple stems and branches growing vertically. Seashore elder (Iva imbricata) is a woody shrub commonly found on front dunes and a nearly identical species, marsh elder (Iva frutescens) is found at the salt marsh edge. 0000001447 00000 n Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex… This hardy plant is commonly found on beachfronts and makes for an impressive garden plant. Never exceed the rates recommended on the label of the specific product applied. Labels change frequently; refer to the current herbicide label for specific application information. 0000020463 00000 n 1). … Seedlings are easily removed by hand. The flowersare purplish- blue, 1 inch in width, and produced in small clusters at the ends of branches. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s.Before its introduction to the southern Atlantic Coast of the U.S., beach vitex had no history of invasiveness. Prefers sandy soils above high tide line, open sun, and does well in rocky areas. Beach Vitex (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) Beach Vitex foliage. Beach vitex gets about a foot and half tall … Pruning can keep this plant compact and very low. … Beach vitex in winter with the dry fruits on a leafless, woody mass of stems. Sweetgrass should be planted landward of the front dune because it does not tolerate direct exposure to the salt spray. Vitex rotundifolia. Beach vitex is woody, vine-like plant with almost round leaves (hence the specific name rotundifolia meaning round foliage) up to 1″ to 1.5″ in diameter, that are in pairs along the woody stem. x�bb``b``Ń3� �c� 2�� 0000023133 00000 n These are easily cut with a gas powered string trimmer fitted with a sharpened triangular blade instead of the string head. trailer Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Your county Extension Office can direct you to sources of seedlings for planting. Beach Vitex. Seeds float and can be carried in long shore currents and waves to other beaches. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) Native to the Pacific rim of Asia. The most apparent characteristics of beach vitex are the rapid growth of runners along the beach sand surface and the thick clumps it forms after a few years. The cut stems should then be taken to a county compost facility for proper disposal or piled on a concrete surface until the leaves drop off, then composted. Common names: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. The flowers are purplish-blue, 1 inch in width, and produced in small clusters at the ends of branches. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Beach vitex leavesare round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. Bitter panicum should be NRCS Accession Number PI421957, the ‘North Pa’ variety. It is easy to identify because it is evergreen, the leaves are not in pairs on the twig, and the leaf length is at least 4 times the leaf width. 0000009185 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n The specific epithet rotundifolia is from the Latin rotundatus, rounded, and folius, leaves, in reference to the round-shaped leaves of this species. Beach vitex is an invasive plant originally brought from the South Pacific to the South Carolina coast to protect sand dunes from erosion. 0000001740 00000 n Beach Vitex was planted decades ago in North and South Carolina as a sand dune protector following a major hurricane – though, instead of preventing beach erosion it sucked and stole water from other plants. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Vitex trifolia L. var. The leaves feel smooth like a fine leather or velvet. – Vitex rotundifolia L.f., commonly referred to as beach vitex or roundleaf chastetree, is a low-growing, crawling, invasive shrub that was discovered growing wild on the backslope, crest, and foredune of Willoughby Spit in Norfolk, Virginia by L. Rosenberg in September 2008 (Fig. But the leaves of silver-leaf croton are not in pairs, the leaves are on a longer stalk, the leaves and stems are covered with short fuzz and, with a 10X magnifying glass, you can see small brown dots on the bottom of the leaves. Sea rocket (Cakile harperi) is an herbaceous annual that grows in a small clump on the front beach. However, it was quickly realized that its root structure does not anchor the sand nearly as well as native vegetation such as sea oats. It is in the same genus as the commonly planted ornamental, chastetree (Vitex agnus-castus), and has flowers similar to those of the chastetree. x�b```�� r�rA��1�0p`���"�1����ű�A��Em�i� `���$GGGX�10eҲ@�Ql��`� �@���%@�c)� ��|��ŘK�;�+��H;�La8��`q@B�G�� ���l8��?0�`���s�S�} ���@,��T��� i.����U�} Beach Vitex is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Seabeach amaranth is rare and is found in an overwash between dunes where other vegetation has not established. University of Georgia. Be sure the sea oat seedlings were raised from seed collected within 50 miles of your planting site; otherwise seedlings from out of state seed will not grow as well as plants from local seed. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii … Beach vitex leaves and stems can cover 100% of the dune and this heavy cover creates a deep shade which allows less that 5% of the sunlight to reach the soil surface. The leaves of silver-leaf croton are not in pairs and are more oval shaped compared to the nearly round beach vitex leaves. Foliage Leaves are oval, silvery-gray and 1-2 in. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Larger plants may need to treated with a herbicide as described about or hand removed. endstream endobj 241 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[23 186]>>stream Vitex rotundifolia, also commonly known as beach vitex, is a perennial woody shrub of coastal sand dunes of Asia and the Pacific islands. The leaves turn tan with white undersides in November and fall off in December. Beach vitex is also salt-tolerant and can handle wind quite well. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. startxref All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Brabson first saw beach vitex five years ago, while walking a familiar stretch of beach between Georgetown and Pawley’s Island as a volunteer for the South Carolina United Turtle Enthusiasts (SCUTE). Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas. 0000004787 00000 n Beach Vitex (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) Beach Vitex foliage. Beach Vitex. It has about 250 species. Likewise the beach vitex should be cut off the seaward face of the front dunes. Problem. Once a permit is obtained, a planting of 70% sea oats (Uniola paniculata) and 30% bitter panicum (Panicum amarum) on an 18″ grid is recommended. Spread: 10 feet. simplicifolia Cham. Because of its rapid growth, the property lines and dune front face should be checked every other month from April through November for regrowth that should also be clipped. Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Through vegetative reproduction and seed production, beach vitex rapidly forms large monocultures and crowds out native dune species, including the rare sea beach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus), which is federally listed as threatened. By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach amaranth. blue, 1 inch in width, and produce small clusters at the ends of branches. 0000024083 00000 n Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more. During the winter, beach vitex is a tangled mass of woody vine-like stems with clusters of hard, dry black fruits still attached. What does vitex mean? Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. 0.5 metre Spread: 2 to 3 metres . Beach vitex leaves are round, slilvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. Vitex supplements typically contain … If there are no ordinances prohibiting having beach vitex on your property, then the beach vitex should be kept trimmed at the property boundaries to make sure it does not grow on to adjacent lots, where it may not be wanted. It can be found growing natively throughout the Pacific and … When the flowers fall off, a green, hard, spherical fruit (drupe) between ⅛ inch and ¼ inch in diameter is left which gradually dries and turns black through summer. 0000002713 00000 n 0000003782 00000 n The round … Pōhinahina leaves are aromatic with a sage-like spicy odor when crushed and smelling much like the simpleleaf vitex (Vitex trifolia) frequently used in Hawaiian landscaping as hedges. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) Native to the Pacific rim of Asia. Prefers sandy … Vitex rotundifolia. If you own beachfront property that was damaged by Hurricane Hugo in 1989 and planted the rebuilt dunes with species other than sea oats (Uniola paniculata) or American beach grass (Ammophila breviligulata), you could have planted beach vitex as many of your neighbors in the early 1990s. Classification. Mulch should be renewed each spring or whenever it begins to break down. Brittle stems can … Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native plants. Uses Conservation: Primary recommendation for this plant would be a ground-cover for soil stabilization. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. endstream endobj 210 0 obj<>/OCGs[212 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20080912152558)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 212 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 213 0 obj<>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 214 0 obj<> endobj 215 0 obj<> endobj 216 0 obj<> endobj 217 0 obj<> endobj 218 0 obj<> endobj 219 0 obj[/ICCBased 234 0 R] endobj 220 0 obj<> endobj 221 0 obj<> endobj 222 0 obj<> endobj 223 0 obj<> endobj 224 0 obj<>stream Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex … Hilton Head Island Municipal Government (South Carolina). 0000012936 00000 n Photograph Credit: Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org. Beach vitex was imported as a beach stabilization plant from Korea in 1985. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 2315 | Updated: Sep 26, 2017 | Print. Beach vitex flowers are on stalks at the end of the new shoot and mature from the bottom up toward the tip. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.), a woody vine from Korea, was introduced into the United States as a dune stabilization plant in the mid-1980s. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Information and translations of vitex in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.

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